Houston, Texas (Harris County) is located in southeast Texas on I-10, about 50 miles from the Gulf of Mexico. It lies at the head of Galveston and is connected with the bay and the gulf by the Houston Ship Channel. Houston is the largest city in the Southern United States, the seat of Harris County, and fifth-most populated metropolitan area in the United States.
Houston’s booming population growth has made it one of the fastest growing regions in the United States. From 2011 to 2012, Houston gained more than 34,000 people, which was the second largest numeric increase for a city in the country.
In August 1836, two real estate entrepreneurs—Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen—from New York, purchased 6,642 acres (26.88 km2) of land along Buffalo Bayou with the intent of founding a city. The Allen brothers decided to name the city after Sam Houston, the popular general at the Battle of San Jacinto, who was elected President of Texas in September 1836.
Houston was granted incorporation on June 5, 1837, with James S. Holman becoming its first mayor. In the same year, Houston became the county seat of Harrisburg County (now Harris County) and the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas. In 1840, the community established a chamber of commerce in part to promote shipping and waterborne business at the newly created port on Buffalo Bayou.
The burgeoning port and railroad industry, combined with oil discovery in 1901, has induced continual surges in the city’s population. In the mid-twentieth century, Houston became the home of the Texas Medical Center—the world’s largest concentration of healthcare and research institutions—and NASA’s Johnson Space Center, where the Mission Control Center is located.
The city is one of the nation’s largest seaports with a 17-block Theater District which boasts eight performing arts organizations and more than 12,000 seats.Society for the Performing Arts. Houston has been called possibly the most interesting city in America for young artists. For nearly 100 years, Houston’s rich culture has invigorated the artistic and academic pursuits of students and faculty alike. Houston is one of only six American cities with resident professional companies in all four major performing arts: ballet, opera, theater and symphony. Adjacent to the Rice campus is Houston’s outstanding museum district, including The Museum of Fine Arts, the Contemporary Arts Museum, The Menil Collection, and the Houston Museum of Natural Science.
Second only to New York City in Fortune 500 headquarters, Houston, the nation’s fourth largest city, is home to 18 Fortune 500 companies, the Texas Medical Center, the world’s largest, and the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center headquarters and and is a short drive from the beaches of the nearby Gulf of Mexico.
New stadiums host NFL, Major League Baseball, NBA, Women’s NBA and IHL teams. The city plays host to a professional team for every major sport.TEXANS, ASTROS,ROCKETS, COMETS, AEROS. Houston, the seat of Harris County, is alive with energy and rich in diversity and is a dynamic mix of imagination, talent and first-class attractions that makes it a world-class city. Home to a vibrant economy, beautiful surroundings and a population full of optimism and spirit, it’s no wonder that Houston is a popular international destination.
Do some shopping; Houston offers something to fit every budget – from the exclusive shops in Houston’s Uptown area to the outlet malls just outside the City. Try one of the countless restaurants available, offering cuisine in everything from Tex Mex and South American to Middle Eastern and Vietnamese. Houston has not evolved into Texas’ biggest City (and the largest in the South) by accident. Known as the Bayou City for its waterway system, Houston thrives because it is a great place to work and a great place to live.
For business and fun, for living and visiting, Houston is one of the dynamic frontiers on the world stage. With its proximity to the Southern Hemisphere and having the infrastructure to accommodate the growing needs of numerous global interests, Houston has become an international destination and one of the world’s great cities. For three consecutive years, Houston has ranked first in the nation in new business growth, according to American Business Information. The most recent survey shows that more than 31,000 new local businesses were started in Houston. Los Angeles was a distant second with 16,780. The Port of Houston, one of the region’s greatest assets, ranks as the nation’s largest port in international tonnage and second in total tonnage.
Houston’s infrastructure is also strengthened by three airports, which form the sixth-largest airport system in the world, and a massive trucking and rail system that links the southern, south central, midwestern and western United States. More than 600 trucking firms operate in Houston, and two major rail systems operate 14 mainline tracks radiating from Houston. Houston’s employment base has become increasingly diverse. In 1981, the economic base was dominated by energy-related businesses with nearly 85 percent of all jobs in those sectors. Today nearly half of all jobs are in non-energy fields, such as business services, technology, aerospace, medicine and manufacturing.
Houston is the 4th largest city in the United States and the largest in Texas. The city also has a global economy and only New York City has more Fortune 500 headquarters. The 2010 Census showed that Houston was home to more than 2.1 million people within 599 square miles, although this number has grown substantially since then.
Houston is one of the fastest growing cities in the United States and its population in 2013 is estimated at 2,162,000 million.
Houston offers richly-diverse pools of highly-skilled, multilingual, multicultural workers with more than 90 languages spoken in the Houston area. Nearly 25 percent of all adults have completed four years of college, surpassing the national average, while the median age is three years younger than the national average.
Seventeen school districts exist within the city of Houston. The Houston Independent School District (HISD) is the seventh-largest school district in the United States. HISD has 112 campuses that serve as magnet or vanguard schools—specializing in such disciplines as health professions, visual and performing arts, and the sciences. There are also many charter schools that are run separately from school districts. In addition, some public school districts also have their own charter schools.
The Houston area encompasses more than 300 private schools, many of which are accredited by Texas Private School Accreditation Commission recognized agencies. The Houston Area Independent Schools offer education from a variety of different religious as well as secular viewpoints. The Houston area Catholic schools are operated by the Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston.
College and Universities
Four separate and distinct state universities are located in Houston. The University of Houston is a nationally recognized Tier One research university, and is the flagship institution of the University of Houston System. The third-largest university in Texas, the University of Houston has nearly 40,000 students on its 667-acre campus in southeast Houston. The University of Houston–Clear Lake and the University of Houston–Downtown are stand-alone universities; they are not branch campuses of the University of Houston. Located in the historic community of Third Ward is Texas Southern University, one of the largest historically black colleges and universities in the United States. Several private institutions of higher learning—ranging from liberal arts colleges, such as The University of St. Thomas, Houston’s only Catholic University to Rice University, the nationally recognized research university—are located within the city. Rice, with a total enrollment of slightly more than 6,000 students, has a number of distinguished graduate programs and research institutes such as the James A. Baker Institute for Public Policy.
Three community college districts exist with campuses in and around Houston. The Houston Community College System serves most of Houston. The northwestern through northeastern parts of the city are served by various campuses of the Lone Star College System, while the southeastern portion of Houston is served by San Jacinto College, and a northeastern portion is served by Lee College. The Houston Community College and Lone Star College systems are within the 10 largest institutions of higher learning in the United States.
|Subdivision||County Zip||Med. Appraisal|
|RIVER OAKS TALL TIMBERS||Harris 77019||$3,906,850||RIVER OAKS COUNTRY CLUB ESTATE||Harris 77019||$2,989,405|
|SHERWOOD FOREST||Harris 77024||$2,543,730|
|MEMORIAL DRIVE MANOR||Harris 77024||$1,809,063|
|RIVER OAKS||Harris 77019||$1,424,823|
|WOODLANDS – Village Of Carlton Woods||Montgomery 77382||$1,420,790|
|HEDWING CIRLE U/R ABST 610 A H OSBORNE||Harris 77024||$1,418,364|
|TAYLOR DALE U/R||Harris 77007||$1,401,900|
|BAYOU WOODS||Harris 77024||$1,337,007|
|WEST OAKS||Harris 77056||$1,242,870|
|HUNTERS GROVE||Harris 77024||$1,065,771|
|INDIAN TRAIL||Harris 77057||$1,045,000|
|CREEKSIDE MANOR U/R||Harris 77024||$1,040,247|
|GLEN COVE||Harris 77007||$1,034,701|
|TARA OAKS||Harris 77024||$1,034,234|
|ARLINGTON TERRACE||Harris 77007||$1,030,000|
|ROYDEN OAKS||Harris 77027||$1,015,700|
|SOUTHSIDE PLACE||Harris 77005||$1,009,100|
|AVALON – ENCLAVE AT WATERS OF AVALON||Fortbend 77479||$1,000,000|
|WEST UNIVERSITY PLACE||Harris 77005||$999,806|
|AVALON PLACE||Harris 77019||$982,153|
|SUNSET TERRACE||Harris 77005||$946,825|
|BROAD OAKS||Harris 77056||$928,400|
|PINE WOOD ESTATES||Harris 77024||$908,399|
|OAK ESTATES||Harris 77027||$890,000|
|BRAEBURN CC ESTATES||Harris 77401||$885,000|
|WESTMORELAND FARMS||Harris 77401||$854,889|
|MEMORIAL TIMBERS||Harris 77024||$850,763|
|PINEY POINT ESTATES||Harris 77063||$850,000|
|WOODLANDS – Lake Woodlands East Shore||Montgomery 77380||$842,020|
|POST OAK PLAZA||Harris 77401||$828,000|
|WEST EDGEMONT||Harris 77098||$826,852|
|AVALON – WATERS OF AVALON||Fortbend 77479||$822,650|
|RANCH ESTATES||Harris 77006||$800,000|
|WATERS COVE AT RIVERSTONE||Fortbend 77459||$795,250|
|DECK SAM F||Harris 77024||$793,851|
|SOUTHAMPTON PLACE||Harris 77005||$792,000|
|ROCK CREEK||Harris 77429||$502,587|